After upgrading the IE browser to IE10, all SharePoint 2013 sites stopped working.
Almost every page in SharePoint threw this error. In Chrome and FireFox by the way – it worked perfectly.
While I couldn’t figure out why or how to fix it – I found a simple workaround: disable the IE10 local storage feature (which I believe is a part of the HTML5).
Simply go to internet options –> advanced, scroll down to “Enable DOM Storage” and uncheck it’s checkbox:
And all done – SharePoint works again, even MDS (or partial page rendering which is how I call it) works!